US biosimilars pipeline for supportive care, oncology and TNF inhibitors – 2021

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Biologicals represent many of the most promising new therapies for previously intractable diseases and are becoming increasingly important in the pharmaceuticals market. The global biologicals market in 2020 was worth approximately US$239.2 billion, and in 2020 five of the top 10 best-selling drugs were biologicals compared with a high of seven in 2018, and only three in 2008 [1].

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The biosimilar market in the US is also rapidly growing. In 2019, it was valued at US$737.2 million and was forecast to reach US22,966 million by 2027, a compound annual growth rate of 46.2%. Despite the huge growth in biologicals, there is currently only 19% of the biologicals market, or US$40 billion, already facing some biosimilar competition. In fact, 90% of global biosimilars sales take place in Europe, despite 60% of overall biologicals sales occurring in the US [2].

In spite of the lack of uptake of biosimilars in the US, the pipeline for biosimilars still looks healthy. For instance, in supportive care, oncology and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, no fewer than 44 biosimilars are in the pipeline for the US biosimilar marketplace, see Table 1.

In oncology, therapeutic biologicals are used for the prevention and treatment of various types of cancer. However, biologicals are not exclusive to primary treatment, they have also been developed for supportive oncology treatment. Supportive oncological treatment addresses the symptoms that are common with primary chemotherapy.

TNF inhibitors (or anti-TNF drugs) are drugs that help stop inflammation. They are used to treat diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, plaque psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis, ulcerative colitis (UC), and Crohn's disease.

Table 1: US pipeline for supportive care, oncology and anti-TNF biosimilars

GW 4483G Fig1 V21E14MN

*Approval date in Europe.
#Rejected by US FDA in September 2019 [3].
Apo: Apotex; AZ: Astra Zeneca; BLA: Biologics License Application; mAb: mAbxience; Sam: Samsung Bioepis; TNF: tumour necrosis factor.
Source: GaBI Online Biosimilars of adalimumab, bevacizumab, epoetin alfa, etanercept, filgrastim, infliximab, pegfilgrastim, rituximab, trastuzumab, ustekinumab.

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LATIN AMERICAN FORUM – Coming soon!

To further enhance the objectives of GaBI in sharing information and knowledge that ensure policies supportive of safe biosimilars use, we are pleased to announce that we will be launching a new section on GaBI Online and GaBI Journal, the ‘Latin American Forum’ (in Spanish) featuring the latest news and updates on research and developments in generic and biosimilar medicines in Latin America.

Register to receive the GaBI Latin American Forum newsletter. Inform colleagues and friends of this new initiative.

 

LATIN AMERICAN FORUM – Próximamente!

Para fomentar los objetivos de GaBI sobre la difusión de información y conocimiento sobre las políticas de apoyo que garantizan el uso seguro de medicamentos biosimilares, nos complace anunciar el lanzamiento de una nueva sección en GaBI Online y GaBI Journal, el ‘Latin American Forum’ (en español), que presentará las últimas noticias y actualizaciones en investigación y desarrollo sobre medicamentos genéricos y biosimilares en Latinoamérica.

Regístrese para recibir el boletín informativo GaBI Latin American Forum. Informe a colegas y amigos sobre esta nueva iniciativa. 

References
1. Derbyshire M, Shina S. Patent expiry dates for best-selling biologicals: 2018 update. Generics and Biosimilars Initiative Journal (GaBI Journal). 2019;8(1):24-31. doi:10.5639/gabij.2019.0801.003
2. GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. The sluggish US biosimilars market [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2021 May 14]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/Reports/The-sluggish-US-biosimilars-market 
3. GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. Biosimilars of filgrastim [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2021 May 14]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/Biosimilars/General/Biosimilars-of-filgrastim 

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