Opportunities for generics with Korean patent expires in 2021

Genéricos/General | Posted 05/03/2021 post-comment0 Post your comment

As part of ongoing action to improve the quality of generics and ensure an efficient and competitive generics market, the Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) announced that 158 patents for pharmaceutical products will expire in 2021.

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The MFDS’s Green List (a list similar to the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Orange Book) shows that 44 of the patents will be ready for immediate generics entry, having no other patents on the products involved.

Between January and March 2021, 51 patents will expire. These include patents on Pfizer’s antifungal drug Eraxis (anidulafungin), LG Chem’s antibacterial medication Factive (gemifloxacin), Bayer’s hormone supplement therapy Angeliq (drospirenone/estradiol) and Chong Kun Dang’s immunosuppressant Bredinin (mizoribine). In addition, 14 patents related to Hanmil Pharmaceutical’s hypertension therapy Amosartan (amlopidine) will expire by 29 March 2021. Despite these patents, some companies have already started distributing amlopidine generics by avoiding the patent for the crystalline form of Amosartan that expired in 2014 and the composition patent that will expire in 2036.

Between April and June 2021, 29 patents will expire. These include patents on AstraZeneca’s breast cancer treatment Faslodex (fulvestrant), transplant rejection treatment Advagraf SR (tacrolimus) made by Astellas and leukaemia drug Rydapt (midostaurin) from Novartis.

Between July and September 2021, 37 patents will expire. These include patents on blood clotting drug Revolade (eltrombopag) made by Novartis, Genzyme’s anticancer medication Caprelsa (vandetanib) and Boehringer Ingelheim’s asthma treatment Spiriva (tiotropium bromide). In addition, Boehringer Ingelheim’s Pradaxa, a new oral anticoagulant (NOAC), will expire on 17 July 2021. Ten drugmakers that have avoided infringement of the formulation patent, including Jeil Pharmaceutical, are ready to release their generics as soon as the patent expires.

Between October and December 2021, 41 patents will expire. These include patents on Cushing's disease treatment Signifor (pasireotide) made by Novartis and Daewoong Pharmaceutical’s chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatments Duaklir Genuair (aclidinium bromide/ formoterol) and Eklira Genuair (aclidinium bromide). The patent on Bayer’s blood thinner Xarelto (rivaroxaban) will expire in October 2021. There are reported to be around 23 companies, including SK Chemicals, Chong Kun Dang and Hanmi Pharmaceutical, waiting to launch rivaroxaban generics.

The huge number of patents expiring and the eagerness of Korean companies to produce generics is testament to the Korean government’s efforts to create a competitive generics market in the country.

Related article
Two additions to the South Korean generics market

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Source: Korea Biomedical Review, Managing IP, MFDS

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