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Death sentence for six Chinese drug fakers

The Times of India reported on 10 December 2009 that six Chinese traders who exported fake anti-malaria drugs to Nigeria under the “Made in India“ label have been sentenced to death, the Ministry of Commerce in Beijing has said. But the ministry gave no further details about the identity of the traders.

FDA compared generic and innovator drugs based on 12 years of bioequivalence data

In the US, manufacturers seeking approval to market a generic drug product must submit data demonstrating that the generic formulation provides the same rate and extent of absorption as (i.e., is bioequivalent to) the innovator drug product. Thus, most orally administered generic drug products in the US are approved based on results of one or more clinical bioequivalence studies.

Competition in China’s generic drug market intensifies

Patent protection for 35 kinds of the best-selling drugs is on track to expire by 2010, including medicines for the treatment of ulcers, hypertension and hyperlipemia. This is expected to have a major impact on the Chinese pharmaceutical industry, where generic drugs account for 97% market share. Industry analysts pointed out that although China has a large production scale of generic drugs, the level of technology remains relatively low. China is home to more than 6,000 pharmaceutical makers. Most of them battle it out at the low end of the price scale with the result that, the country’s profit margin in generic drugs is only equal to one-sixth of the international average.

Pfizer aims for Japanese generics market

Yet another US drugmaker is making eyes at Japan. Pfizer, the world's largest drugmaker, said on 19 November 2009 that it may start selling generic drugs in Japan from 2011 as part of its efforts to diversify its operations.

Multinationals trying to bring Indian generics into disrepute

India has alleged that some multinational companies have again been trying to bring its generics industry into disrepute.

Generic polypill could reduce heart disease

Could a combination of three blood-pressure-lowering drugs at low doses, with a statin, aspirin, and folic acid in one pill (the polypill), reduce cardiovascular events by more than 80% in healthy individuals? This was examined in a study funded by Cadila Pharmaceuticals in Ahmedabad, India (that wants to market the polypill as the ‘Polycap’), in which the effect of such a pill was assessed on blood pressure, lipids, heart rate, and urinary thromboxane B2, as well as its tolerability.

Exposure-response analysis on bioequivalent carbamazepine tablets not clinically relevant proof for toxicity differences

Generic immediate-release carbamazepine tablets are AB-rated generic versions of Novartis’s Tegratol. In this market, Taro is the leading supplier with half the market. Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd follows with more than a quarter of the market, and Sun’s Caraco is the third-leading supplier with a share of about 18%. The only other supplier currently in the market is Apotex.

Safety and compliance fears delay UK’s generics substitution

Plans to allow pharmacists to save the UK’s National Health Service (NHS) money by overruling doctors' prescriptions for branded medicines have been delayed after concerns about patient safety and compliance.

Growing western generic APIs markets in India and China

The developing countries India and China represent growing markets for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) from western regulated markets. This is the conclusion of Ms Kate Kuhrt, Director of Generics and API Intelligence at Thomson Reuters. “With the pharmaceutical markets in India and China expected to continue to grow at double-digit rates, while traditional pharmaceutical markets, such as the US, Japan and Western Europe remain stagnant, it is no surprise that many API manufacturers have set their eyes on India and China”, she states.

Pressures on generic medicines put EU healthcare at risk

“The future of the European generic medicines industry is under serious threat, which places both the sustainability of European health care and the European industrial competitiveness at serious risk,” warned Mr Greg Perry, Director General of the European Generics medicines Association (EGA), at an EGA conference on healthcare sustainability on 31 March 2009 in Prague, Czech Republic.

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